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CBSE class 11 economics syllabus updated for 2020-2021

Class 11 Economics Syllabus 


Marks Distribution of the CBSE Class 11 Economics Syllabus





Part A 

Statistics for Economics 








Collection, Organization and Presentation of Data 



Statistical Tools and Interpretation 







Part B 

Introductory Microeconomics 






Consumer’s Equilibrium and Demand 




Producer Behavior and Supply 




Forms of Market and Price Determination under perfect competition with simple applications 







Part C 

Project Work 




Part A: Statistics for Economics 

In this course, learners are expected to acquire skills in collection, organization and presentation of quantitative and qualitative information pertaining to various simple economic aspects systematically. It also intends to provide some basic statistical tools to analyze and interpret any economic information and draw appropriate inferences. In this process, the learners are also expected to understand the behavior of various economic data. 

Unit 1: Introduction 

What is Economics? 

Meaning, scope, functions and importance of statistics in Economics 

Unit 2: Collection, Organization and Presentation of data 

Collection of data – sources of data – primary and secondary; how basic data is collected with concepts of Sampling; methods of collecting data; some important sources of secondary data: Census of India and National Sample Survey Organization. 

Organization of Data: Meaning and types of variables; Frequency Distribution. 



Presentation of Data: Tabular Presentation and Diagrammatic Presentation of Data: (i) Geometric forms (bar diagrams and pie diagrams), (ii) Frequency diagrams (histogram, polygon and Ogive) and (iii) Arithmetic line graphs (time series graph). 

Unit 3: Statistical Tools and Interpretation 

For all the numerical problems and solutions, the appropriate economic interpretation may be attempted. This means, the students need to solve the problems and provide interpretation for the results derived. 

Measures of Central Tendency – Arithmetic mean, median and mode. 

Measures of Dispersion – absolute dispersion standard deviation); relative dispersion co-efficient of variation) 

Correlation – Meaning and properties, scatter diagram; Measures of correlation – Karl Pearson’s method (two variables ungrouped data) 

Introduction to Index Numbers – Meaning, types – wholesale price index, consumer price index, uses of index numbers; Inflation and index numbers. 

Part B: Introductory Microeconomics 

Unit 4: Introduction 

Meaning of microeconomics and macroeconomics; positive and normative economics. 



What is an economy? Central problems of an economy: what, how and for whom to produce; concepts of production possibility frontier and opportunity cost. 

Unit 5: Consumer’s Equilibrium and Demand 

Consumer’s equilibrium – meaning of utility, marginal utility, law of diminishing marginal utility, conditions of consumer’s equilibrium using marginal utility analysis. 

Indifference curve analysis of consumer’s equilibrium-the consumer’s budget (budget set and budget line), preferences of the consumer (indifference curve, indifference map) and conditions of consumer’s equilibrium. 

Demand, market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve and its slope, movement along and shifts in the demand curve; price elasticity of demand – factors affecting price elasticity of demand; measurement of price elasticity of demand – percentage-change method. 



Unit 6: Producer Behavior and Supply 

Meaning of Production Function – Short-Run and Long-Run  

Total Product, Average Product and Marginal Product. 

Returns to a Factor 

Cost: Short run costs – total cost, total fixed cost, total variable cost; Average cost; Average fixed cost, average variable cost and marginal cost-meaning and their relationships. 

Revenue – total, average and marginal revenue – meaning and their relationship. Producer’s equilibrium-meaning and its conditions in terms of marginal revenue- marginal cost. Supply, market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve and its slope, movements along and shifts in supply curve, price elasticity of supply; measurement of price elasticity of supply – percentage-change method. 

Unit 7: Forms of Market and Price Determination under Perfect Competition with simple applications. 

Perfect competition – Features; Determination of market equilibrium and effects of shifts in demand and supply. 


Simple Applications of Demand and Supply: Price ceiling, price floor. 




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